Papua New Guinea

Coffee’s Role in Papua New Guinea

The island of Papua New Guinea (PNG) is dominated by rugged mountains and forests, with isolated villages spread throughout the nation growing coffee. Despite the remoteness and historically poor infrastructure of PNG, great strides have recently been made in the specialty coffee world, creating highly sought after microlots prized all over the world.

A businesswoman and plantation owner of American-Samoan descent and known as “Queen Emma,” was directly responsible for introducing and spreading coffee throughout the country via her extensive plantations. Now roughly 85% of coffee in Papa New Guinea comes from remote smallholders, mostly growing at altitudes over 1,500 meters above sea level. One of the great challenges for high quality specialty coffee in Papa New Guinea is the logistics of getting the ripe coffee cherries from the farm to the commercial centers processing them.

Regions & Cup Profile

Coffee is grown in many parts of PNG, but most of the highest quality comes from the Eastern and Western Highlands provinces. Most of the coffee grown in PNG is Arusha and Typica varieties with some quantities of Blue Mountain as well. PNG coffee has a large variation in cup profile, but the most sought after has a crisp apple-like acidity, with floral and candy-like flavors.

Harvest Period

September (Main Crop), January – February (Fly Crop)

Annual Productivity

850,000 Bags

Genetic Varieties

Arusha, Blue Mountain, Typica

Growing Regions

Western Highland, Eastern Highlands, Morobe Province, Jiwaka Province