Coffee's Role in Sumatra

One of the largest islands of the Indonesian archipelago, Sumatra is known for its rugged tropical terrain, sprawling wildlife, and smoldering volcanoes. The country offers a large range of landscapes—from lush rainforests and limestone caves to cascading rivers and beautiful, white, sandy beaches.

Coffee was introduced to Indonesia in the 18th century by Dutch traders. Today, the country ranks is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world. Sumatra is also the largest producer of Indonesian coffee, representing approximately 15% of its total production. Close to 90% of the coffee production in Sumatra is in the hands of small farmers or cooperatives, making it an important economic activity for the region.

Regions & Cup Profile

Coffee in Sumatra is grown on the Sunda Islands, which are located along the west coast of Indonesia. Sumatran coffees are renowned for their full body, with distinctive earthy flavors and herbal tones that provide a rich, satisfying profile. The best coffees from Sumatra tend to have low acidity, but just enough to satisfy coffee-lovers seeking more complexity. The rich, volcanic soil and unusual wet hulling process make this coffee among the world’s finest coffee treasures.

Harvest Period

March – January

Annual Productivity

10 million bags (in all of Indonesia total)

Genetic Varieties

Catimor, Cattura, Typica, S-type, regional hybrids

Growing Regions

Mandheling, Lintong, Gayo Mountain, and Aceh